Facial wrinkles and lines can be reduced with cosmetic injections into the skin. The two main types of injectables substances used are botulinum toxin Type A and dermal fillers. To treat deep lines, the surgeon or cosmetic practitioner may decide to use both types of injectables to achieve the best result.
Botulinum toxin Type A is given by intramuscular (IM) injection to weaken muscles in the face and lessen the lines associated with facial expression. The toxin relaxes the underlying muscle and allows the skin to flatten out. Dermal fillers are piped by injection along wrinkles and lines to plump the skin. Examples of dermal fillers include bovine (cow) collagen and the patient's own body fat.
Botulinum Toxin kind A
Doctors utilize botulinum toxin kind A to indulgence medical conditions including facial tics, muscle spasms and excessive sweating. The cosmetic utilize of botulinum toxin kind A is restricted to the treatment of frown lines between the eyebrows.
Any other cosmetic utilize is not accepted and becomes the responsibility of the treating doctor. It is not rare for medications to be used to indulgence conditions for which they have not been approved. However, the implication of this should be explained to the tolerant at the time of prescription.
Types of Wrinkles treated with Botulinum Toxin kind A
Botulinum toxin Type A is injected into sure muscles of the face to soften facial lines, including:
An incredibly fine needle is used to inject the botulinum toxin kind A into chosen facial muscles. Discomfort is least and brief - most patients describe it as an ant-bite sting for a few seconds. The wrinkle-smoothing effects of the injection may last for up to six months.
- Frown lines between the eyebrows
- Lines across the bridge of the nose
- 'Crow's feet' wrinkles extending from the outside corners of the eyes
- Forehead lines
- Lines on the throat
General Precautions - Botulinum Toxin kind A injections
Tell your doctor if you are taking other medications including prescription or over-the-counter medications and any complementary medicines or supplements. You must also tell your doctor if you:
- Are taking or are likely to take antibiotics, especially amino glycoside antibiotics
- Are scheduled to have surgery using a general anaesthetic
- Have inflammation or severe weakness in the muscles where the product would be injected
- Are pregnant or intend to become pregnant
- Are breastfeeding or are planning to start breastfeeding
- Have ever had facial surgery
- Have angle closure glaucoma
- Have problems with your heart or circulation
- Are taking drugs that may interfere with muscle function