First Aid Tips
Heat Related Emergencies
Heat exhaustion occurs when your heart and vascular
system do not respond properly to high temperatures.
The symptoms of heat exhaustion resemble shock and
include faintness, rapid heartbeat, low blood pressure,
an ashen appearance, cold clammy skin, and nausea.
If you suspect heat exhaustion, get the person out
of the sun and into a cool spot.
Lay the person down and elevate his or her feet slightly.
Loosen or remove mostor all of the person's clothing.
Give the person cold (not iced) water to drink, with
a teaspoon of salt added per quart.
The main indication of heat stroke is a fever of
105 degrees Fahrenheit with hot, dry skin.
Other signs include rapid heartbeat, rapid and shallow
breathing, either elevated or lowered blood pressure,
and confusion or unconsciousness.
If you suspect heat stroke, get the person out of
the sun and into a cool spot. Cool the person by covering
him or her with damp sheets or spraying with water.
Direct air onto the person with a fan or a newspaper,
and monitor the person's temperature with a thermometer.
Stop cooling the person when his or her temperature
returns to normal.
If breathing ceases, start mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.
Heat stroke is an emergency that needs immediate