First Aid Tips
To stop serious
bleeding, follow these steps:
i) Lay the affected person down. If possible, the
person's head should be slightly lower than the trunk
of his or her body or the legs should be elevated.
This position increases blood flow to the brain. Elevate
the site of bleeding, if possible to reduce the blood
ii) Do not attempt to clean the wound.
iii) Apply steady, firm pressure directly to the
wound using a sterile bandage, a clean cloth, or your
hand. Maintain pressure until the bleeding stops,
then wrap the wound with a tight dressing and secure
it with adhesive tape. Most bleeding can be controlled
Call for emergency help immediately.
iv) If the bleeding continues and seeps through the
bandage, add more absorbent material.
Do not remove the first bandage.
v) If the bleeding does not stop, apply pressure
to the major artery that delivers blood to the area
of the injury.
vi) When the bleeding has stopped, immobilize the
injured portion of the body. You can use another part
of the body, such as a leg or torso, to immobilize
Leave the bandages in place and take the person for
immediate medical attention or,
call for emergency help.