First Aid Tips
A variety of symptoms appear in
a person experiencing shock:
i) The skin may appear pale or gray, and is cool
and clammy to the touch.
ii) The heartbeat is weak and rapid, and breathing
is slow and shallow. The blood pressure is reduced.
iii) The eyes lack shine and seem to stare. Sometimes
the pupils are dilated.
iv) The person may be conscious or unconscious. If
conscious, the person may faint or be very weak or
confused. On the other hand, shock sometimes causes
a person to become overly excited and anxious.
Even if a person seems normal after an injury, take
precautions and treat the person for shock by following
i) Get the person to lie down on his or her back
and elevate the feet higher than the person's head.
Keep the person from moving unnecessarily.
ii) Keep the person warm and comfortable. Loosen
tight clothing and cover the person with a blanket.
Do not give the person anything to drink.
iii) If the person is vomiting or bleeding from the
mouth, place the person on his or her side to prevent
iv) Treat any injuries appropriately (bleeding, broken
v) Summon emergency medical assistance immediately.