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Home >> How SLE is diagnosed

 

How SLE is diagnosed?

SLE is difficult to diagnose. It frequently resembles other forms of aching disease such as rheumatoid arthritis.

Diagnosis can take several months or even a few years. Normally people are referred by their GP to a rheumatologist otherwise kidney specialist who will make the ultimate diagnosis.

The test most normally used is the Anti-Nudear Antibody (ANA) test. Nevertheless, even though this test is positive in over 90 per cent of people with SLE, it can as well be present in other rheumatic conditions plus sometimes in healthy individuals. Prior to a definite analysis is made, the individual's whole health picture plus symptoms should be taken into consideration. X-rays or perhaps a skin ,Other blood tests or kidney biopsy may be taken to assist diagnosis.

To make a diagnosis of SLE, an individual must illustrate clinical proof of a multi-system disease (i.e. has shown abnormalities in a number of different organ systems). The following are distinctive manifestations which may lead to suspicion of SLE.

Skin: butterfly rash; hair loss ulcers in the mouth.

Joints: pain; redness along with swelling.

Kidney: unusual urinanalysis symptomatic of kidney disease. Lining membranes: pericarditis ; pleurisy plus peritonitis (takentogether this kind of swelling is known aspolyserositis).

Blood: hemolytic anemia the red cells are shattered by autoantibodies leukopenia low down white blood cell count; thrombocytopenia (low platelets).

Lungs: infiltrates that is fleeting.

Nervous system: psychosis; convulsions; nerve abnormalities that grounds strange sensations or else alter muscular control or else strength.

If an individual has numerous of these symptoms, the physician will then generally order a series of tests to inspect the functioning of the individual's resistant system. In common, physicians appearance for evidence of autoantibodies.

Lab Tests will help to Diagnose Lupus

Laboratory testing in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) plays a several important roles in making a diagnosis, to observe the activity of the disease, monitoring effect to treatment, as well as detecting side effects of medications. This assessment of common laboratory testing in SLE will summarize the lab tests most generally ordered via your rheumatologist as well as how these tests are interpreted. Since there is no precise test for SLE, your doctor has to rely on a number of different issues to make a diagnosis including history, physical exam as well as laboratory data. The laboratory information therefore plays an important role.

LABORATORY EVALUATION in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

1. General Tests

Urinalysis tests
Leukocyte Count Tests
Hematocrit tests
Platelet Count Tests
Creatinine/Blood Chemistry tests
Plasma Proteins tests
Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate tests
C-Reactive Protein tests
Blood Glucose tests
Cholesterol tests

2. Immune Testing

ANA Tests
Anti-Sm Tests
anti-dsDNA Tests
anti-Ro (SS-A) Tests
anti-La (SS-B) Tests
anti-Histone Tests
anti-RNP Tests
Lupus Anticoagulant Tests
Anti-Cardiolipan Antibody Tests
Beta-2 Glycoprotein I Tests
Complement Tests
Cryoglobulins Tests

 

 
 

 

 

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