There are some experimental methods that have emerged
over the years. Though they are still in the initial
stages these approaches are considered to be breakthroughs
when it comes to treating mesothelioma.
1. Gene therapy is an experimental medical intervention
that involves altering the patient’s genetic material
of living cells to fight or prevent disease. The therapy
involves injecting a modified gene directly into a patient’s
chest cavity. The goal of gene therapy is to supply
cells with healthy copies of missing or altered genes.
Many different strategies are currently under study.
2. Immuno therapy means using the natural defenses
of the patient's body to combat, mesothelioma. The practical
application of immunotherapy is very complicated. Immunotherapy
is designed to repair, stimulate, or enhance the immune
system's natural anticancer function. Substances used
in immunotherapy, called biological response modifiers
(BRMs) alter the interaction between the body's immune
defenses and cancer, thereby improving the body's ability
to fight disease.
3. Intraoperative Photodynamic Therapy is a new type
of treatment that uses special drugs and light to kill
cancer cells during surgery. A drug that makes cancer
cells more sensitive to light is injected into a vein
several days before surgery. During surgery to remove
as much of the cancer as possible, a special light is
used to shine on the pleura. This is useful in treating
pleural cancer, which is in the early stages.
4. Onconase is a new chemotherapy drug that is being
tested for efficacy in the treatment of mesothelioma.
The benefit of Onconase over Doxorubicin (the more commonly
used drug) is that Onconase is relatively free of the
crippling side effects of traditional chemotherapy