Thyroid for Women

Thyroid is one of the mainly common diseases that affect older women.  Apart from this, cases of thyroid problems in women after pregnancy are also increasing. Thyroid gland is located right in the middle of the neck and it produces a hormone called thyroxin which plays a key role in managing the growth, energy and metabolism rate of the body. Because of this, thyroid troubles in women are closely related to weight gain or weight loss. Any dysfunction in the thyroid gland can lead to thyroid troubles that can affect women harmfully and hence this condition needs direct attention. Basically, there are two types of thyroid troubles hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.

Hypothyroidism: 
Hypothyroidism occurs when thyroid system is underactive and produces lower thyroxine than what is needed for the smooth performance of the body. It results in slowing the metabolism rate of the body and low or no energy making.

The symptoms of Hypothyroidism:

  • Dry skin
  • Cold hands and feet
  • Lowered immune system
  • Poor memory
  • Hair loss
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Insomnia
  • Depression
  • Dementia
  • Heavy menstrual periods
  • Weight gain
  • Constipation
  • Nervousness

The symptoms of Hyperthyroidism:

Hyperthyroidism occurs when extreme thyroxin produced by the thyroid gland. It causes the metabolism rate to increase abnormally which too has a bad effect on various vital organs

  • Weight loss
  • Heat intolerance
  • Dry and clammy skin
  • Insomnia
  • Warmer hands and feet
  • Depression
  • Nervousness
  • Poor memory
  • Frequent defecation
  • Experiencing Tremors
  • Light menstrual periods
  • Chronic fatigue

Causes of Thyroid Problems in Women:
There are different reasons why hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism occurs. But one of the main causes of thyroid troubles in women is hormonal variation in the body which may take place due to various reasons.

Causes of Hypothyroidism:
There are different reasons and situation for decreased thyroxin levels in the body.

Absence of Thyroid Gland:
If the thyroid gland is removed from the body it is obvious that there will be no production of thyroxin which surely leads to hypothyroidism.

Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis:
This is one of the autoimmune disorder in which the body attacks the thyroid tissues damaging or killing all the tissues which results in low or no production of thyroxin.

Excessive Iodine: 
Exposing the body to too much iodine can effect in hypothyroidism. Cold and sinus medicines and some of the heart drugs contain iodine and hence normal, unprescribed of these drugs can change the thyroid system.

Causes of Hyperthyroidism:
Still the number of patients with hyperthyroidism is low; there are many situations that can lead to this disorder.

Graves Disease:
Grave’s disease is one of the most regular causes of hyperthyroidism in women. The one of the autoimmune disorder in which the thyroid is enlarged which leads to large production of thyroxin.

Inflammation of Thyroid:
There are various types’ thyroid infections that may lead to swelling of the gland. But, this type of hyperthyroidism normally lasts for few weeks and the gland functions well once the swelling is reduced.

Thyroid Nodules:

Thyroid nodules are like noncancerous lumps that increase in the thyroid gland which are known as toxic nodular goiter.These goiters produce extreme amount of thyroxin hormones which are dangerous for the body.

Thyroid for Children

Thyroid Glands:

A thyroid gland is a butterfly shaped gland placed in the center of the lower neck below the voice box and just above the collar bone. The thyroid gland produces thyroid hormones that are released into the bloodstream and are essential for life. These hormones change both growth and development in children. Although thyroid troubles in children are rare, about one in every 1000 are born with an irregular thyroid gland.

Types of Thyroid Problems in children

The thyroid gland can develop into under-active, this is called hypothyroidism or over active this is called hyperthyroidism.

Hypothyroidism in children

The reason a thyroid may become under active in a child is because their own immune system attacks the gland as if it is an intruder in the body. When this happens, the thyroid gland loses its ability to make the needed amount of thyroid hormones to maintain normal growth and development.

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism include:

  • Dry skin
  • Sluggishness
  • Pale skin color
  • Sensitivity to coldness
  • Hoarse cry
  • Constipation
  • Slow growth
  • Development of a goiter (swelling of the gland)
  • Symptoms of Hypothyroidism in infants:
  • Puffy face
  • Swollen tongue
  • Cold hands, arms, feet and legs
  • Floppy muscles or no strength
  • Poor feeding
  • Herniated belly button
  • Lethargic
  • Persistent constipation and bloating
  • Prolonged jaundice
  • Little to no growth

It is very important that infants be tested within the first few days of being natural. If left untreated hypothyroidism can create a serious threat to both physical and mental improvement in an infant.

Treatment of Hypothyroidism:

Children with under active thyroid glands are treated with a thyroid hormone replacement supplement. This supplement will possible have to be taken for the rest of their life.

Hyperthyroidism in children

The thyroid gland can also become over active in children. Making a analysis of hyperthyroidism in a child is more difficult, because some of the symptoms may be easily taken as being something else.

These symptoms include:

  • Hyperactivity
  • Mood swings
  • Shaky hands
  • Weakness in arms and legs
  • Nervousness
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Insomnia
  • Development of a goiter (swelling of the gland)
  • Treatment of Hyperthyroidism.

Treatment of children with over active thyroid glands can be ready with anti-thyroid drugs. These meds work by making it difficult for the body to use iodine to make thyroid hormones. The main disadvantages of using an anti-thyroid drug are the expanded need for treatment and the return factor. Some patients do not respond to the anti-thyroid drugs and have to have surgical treatment to remove the defective thyroid gland.

Diagnosing Thyroid Problems in Children

A blood test called Thyroid Function test is used to identify a thyroid trouble. These series of test check the levels of TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) in the blood. From these set of test it can be determined if a child has a hypothyroidism trouble or a hyperthyroidism trouble.