Thyroid is one of the mainly common diseases that affect older women. Apart from this, cases of thyroid problems in women after pregnancy are also increasing. Thyroid gland is located right in the middle of the neck and it produces a hormone called thyroxin which plays a key role in managing the growth, energy and metabolism rate of the body. Because of this, thyroid troubles in women are closely related to weight gain or weight loss. Any dysfunction in the thyroid gland can lead to thyroid troubles that can affect women harmfully and hence this condition needs direct attention. Basically, there are two types of thyroid troubles hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.
Hypothyroidism occurs when thyroid system is underactive and produces lower thyroxine than what is needed for the smooth performance of the body. It results in slowing the metabolism rate of the body and low or no energy making.
The symptoms of Hypothyroidism:
- Dry skin
- Cold hands and feet
- Lowered immune system
- Poor memory
- Hair loss
- Fatigue and weakness
- Heavy menstrual periods
- Weight gain
The symptoms of Hyperthyroidism:
Hyperthyroidism occurs when extreme thyroxin produced by the thyroid gland. It causes the metabolism rate to increase abnormally which too has a bad effect on various vital organs
- Weight loss
- Heat intolerance
- Dry and clammy skin
- Warmer hands and feet
- Poor memory
- Frequent defecation
- Experiencing Tremors
- Light menstrual periods
- Chronic fatigue
Causes of Thyroid Problems in Women:
There are different reasons why hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism occurs. But one of the main causes of thyroid troubles in women is hormonal variation in the body which may take place due to various reasons.
Causes of Hypothyroidism:
There are different reasons and situation for decreased thyroxin levels in the body.
Absence of Thyroid Gland:
If the thyroid gland is removed from the body it is obvious that there will be no production of thyroxin which surely leads to hypothyroidism.
This is one of the autoimmune disorder in which the body attacks the thyroid tissues damaging or killing all the tissues which results in low or no production of thyroxin.
Exposing the body to too much iodine can effect in hypothyroidism. Cold and sinus medicines and some of the heart drugs contain iodine and hence normal, unprescribed of these drugs can change the thyroid system.
Causes of Hyperthyroidism:
Still the number of patients with hyperthyroidism is low; there are many situations that can lead to this disorder.
Grave’s disease is one of the most regular causes of hyperthyroidism in women. The one of the autoimmune disorder in which the thyroid is enlarged which leads to large production of thyroxin.
Inflammation of Thyroid:
There are various types’ thyroid infections that may lead to swelling of the gland. But, this type of hyperthyroidism normally lasts for few weeks and the gland functions well once the swelling is reduced.
Thyroid nodules are like noncancerous lumps that increase in the thyroid gland which are known as toxic nodular goiter.These goiters produce extreme amount of thyroxin hormones which are dangerous for the body.