Bone cancer

Bone cancer can start in any bone in the body, but it most regularly affects the bones that make up the arms and legs.

Types of bone cancer occur mainly in children, while others affect mostly adults.

The term “bone cancer” doesn’t include cancers that begin else where in the body and swell to the bone.

Types of bone cancer:

The most common types of bone cancer include:

1) Osteosarcoma – Its begins in the bone cells. Its occurs most often in children and adults.

2) Chondrosarcoma – Its begins in cartilage cells that are usually start on the ends of bones. Its most usually affects older adults.

3) Ewing’s disease –  It’s not clear where in bone Ewing’s disease begins. Scientists believe Ewing’s growth may start in on nerve tissue within the bone. Ewing’s disease occurs most often in children and youthful.

Symptoms of bone cancer include:

  • Bone pain
  • Swelling and tenderness near the affected area
  • Broken bone
  • Fatigue
  • Unintended weight loss

Risk factors:

These factors are related with an increased risk:

1) Inherited genetic syndromes: These rare genetic syndromes passed through families increase the risk of bone cancer, including Li-Fraumeni syndrome and hereditary retinoblastoma.

2) Paget’s disease of bone: This precancerous condition that affects older adults increases the risk of bone cancer.

3) Radiation therapy for cancer: Exposure to large doses of radiation, such as those given during ray’s treatment for cancer, increases the risk of bone cancer in the future.

symptoms and causes of Mouth cancer

Mouth cancer is one of several types of cancer grouped in a category called head and neck cancers.

Types of mouth cancer:

  • Salivary gland cancer
  • Lymphoma
  • Melanoma

Salivary gland cancer – It starts in salivary gland cells

LymphomaThis cancer comes near the base of the tongue and tonsils

MelanomaIt comes in skin dye cells around mouth or on lips

Symptoms of mouth cancer:

  • Red or white patches in mouth
  • A  lump on lip, tongue or in neck
  • Bad breath
  • Unexplained bleeding in mouth
  • Numbness in mouth
  • Loose teeth
  • Chewing or swallowing, difficulty moving jaw or a feeling that something is caught in throat
  • Changes to your voice – it may sound husky or quieter or you may slur  words

Causes of mouth cancer:

  • Smoke and any form of tobacco like cigars and pipes, cigarettes, and hand rolled cigarettes that contains cannabis
  • Gutkha and paan,  such as chew tobacco, betel guid
  • While drinking  alcohol, particularly at the same time as smoking or chewing tobacco
  • Already had certain types of cancers , such as lip cancer regularly expose to sun or ultraviolet light as this increases the risk of cancer