Different types of cardiovascular heart diseases

      1) Rheumatic heart disease
      2) Hypertensive heart disease
      3) Ischemic heart disease
      4) Cerebrovascular disease

1) Inflammatory heart disease:

Rheumatic heart disease is damage caused to the heart’s valves by rheumatic fever, which is caused by streptococcal bacteria.

  • Valvular heart disease:  The heart’s valves keep blood flowing throughout the heart in the right path.  But a variety of conditions can lead to valvular damage.  Valves may thin, leak or not close properly. The valves may be damaged by such conditions as rheumatic fever, infections connective tissue disorders, and positive medications.

2) Hypertensive heart disease:

  • Aneurysm:  An aneurysm is a swelling or weakness in the wall of a blood vessel.  They can occur because of high blood pressure or a weak spot in a blood vessel wall. Aneurysms can occur in arteries in any place in your body.

3) Atherosclerosis:
In atherosclerosis the walls of your arteries become thick and stiff because of the build up full of fat deposits. The full of fat deposits are called plaques.  When this happens, the flow of blood is restricted. In the arteries of the heart it is known as coronary artery disease, in the legs, peripheral arterial disease. Atherosclerosis happens over a period of time and its consequences can be grave and include heart attack and stroke.

4) High blood pressure (hypertension):

High blood pressure (HBP) is the extreme force of blood pumping through your blood vessels. High blood pressure (HBP) causes many types of cardiovascular disease, such as stroke and heart failure, and renal disease.

5) Peripheral arterial disease:

Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is caused by atherosclerosis, which is the blockage of the blood vessels in the legs.  PAD manifests as pain in the legs when walking, which is relieved by rest. If you have PAD you are at greater risk of developing gangrene in your legs.

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