Tips for Preventing Heart Disease

Control your weight:  One of the most main things you can do if you have diabetes maintains a healthy weight. If you are overweight, talk to a register dietician about healthy ways to lose weight.

Get regular physical activity.There is a significant body of research that proves the myriad cardiovascular benefits of regular physical activity. Start off slowly, and build a plan that works well for you and meets your needs. These sessions are considered diabetes education and can start you on the path toward physical fitness.

Don’t smoke. Smoking is one of the most significant risk factors for rising heart disease. Smoking can damage your heart and blood vessels, leading to narrowing of the arteries. Atherosclerosis can ultimately lead to a heart attack. When it comes to heart disease, no amount of smoking is safe. Smokeless tobacco and low-tar and low-nicotine cigarettes also are risky, as is covered with secondhand smoke.

Maintain tight control over glucose. Tight control can avoid many complications from diabetes and also protects your heart. Shoot for an A1C reading of less than 7%.

Eat a heart-healthy diet

Eating a special diet called the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) eating plan can protect your heart. The DASH diet means eating foods that are low in fat, cholesterol and salt. The diet is rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and low-fat dairy food, which can help protect your heart. Beans, other low-fat sources of protein and certain types of fish also can decrease your risk of heart disease.

Major sources of saturated fat include:

1) Red meat

2) Dairy products

3) Coconut and palm oils

Sources of Tran’s fat include:

1) Deep-fried fast foods

2)Bakery products

3)Packaged snack foods

4) Margarines

5) Crackers

Control your blood pressure. All people with diabetes should aim for a blood pressure reading of less than 130/80

Thyroid for Women

Thyroid is one of the mainly common diseases that affect older women.  Apart from this, cases of thyroid problems in women after pregnancy are also increasing. Thyroid gland is located right in the middle of the neck and it produces a hormone called thyroxin which plays a key role in managing the growth, energy and metabolism rate of the body. Because of this, thyroid troubles in women are closely related to weight gain or weight loss. Any dysfunction in the thyroid gland can lead to thyroid troubles that can affect women harmfully and hence this condition needs direct attention. Basically, there are two types of thyroid troubles hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.

Hypothyroidism: 
Hypothyroidism occurs when thyroid system is underactive and produces lower thyroxine than what is needed for the smooth performance of the body. It results in slowing the metabolism rate of the body and low or no energy making.

The symptoms of Hypothyroidism:

  • Dry skin
  • Cold hands and feet
  • Lowered immune system
  • Poor memory
  • Hair loss
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Insomnia
  • Depression
  • Dementia
  • Heavy menstrual periods
  • Weight gain
  • Constipation
  • Nervousness

The symptoms of Hyperthyroidism:

Hyperthyroidism occurs when extreme thyroxin produced by the thyroid gland. It causes the metabolism rate to increase abnormally which too has a bad effect on various vital organs

  • Weight loss
  • Heat intolerance
  • Dry and clammy skin
  • Insomnia
  • Warmer hands and feet
  • Depression
  • Nervousness
  • Poor memory
  • Frequent defecation
  • Experiencing Tremors
  • Light menstrual periods
  • Chronic fatigue

Causes of Thyroid Problems in Women:
There are different reasons why hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism occurs. But one of the main causes of thyroid troubles in women is hormonal variation in the body which may take place due to various reasons.

Causes of Hypothyroidism:
There are different reasons and situation for decreased thyroxin levels in the body.

Absence of Thyroid Gland:
If the thyroid gland is removed from the body it is obvious that there will be no production of thyroxin which surely leads to hypothyroidism.

Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis:
This is one of the autoimmune disorder in which the body attacks the thyroid tissues damaging or killing all the tissues which results in low or no production of thyroxin.

Excessive Iodine: 
Exposing the body to too much iodine can effect in hypothyroidism. Cold and sinus medicines and some of the heart drugs contain iodine and hence normal, unprescribed of these drugs can change the thyroid system.

Causes of Hyperthyroidism:
Still the number of patients with hyperthyroidism is low; there are many situations that can lead to this disorder.

Graves Disease:
Grave’s disease is one of the most regular causes of hyperthyroidism in women. The one of the autoimmune disorder in which the thyroid is enlarged which leads to large production of thyroxin.

Inflammation of Thyroid:
There are various types’ thyroid infections that may lead to swelling of the gland. But, this type of hyperthyroidism normally lasts for few weeks and the gland functions well once the swelling is reduced.

Thyroid Nodules:

Thyroid nodules are like noncancerous lumps that increase in the thyroid gland which are known as toxic nodular goiter.These goiters produce extreme amount of thyroxin hormones which are dangerous for the body.

Thyroid for Children

Thyroid Glands:

A thyroid gland is a butterfly shaped gland placed in the center of the lower neck below the voice box and just above the collar bone. The thyroid gland produces thyroid hormones that are released into the bloodstream and are essential for life. These hormones change both growth and development in children. Although thyroid troubles in children are rare, about one in every 1000 are born with an irregular thyroid gland.

Types of Thyroid Problems in children

The thyroid gland can develop into under-active, this is called hypothyroidism or over active this is called hyperthyroidism.

Hypothyroidism in children

The reason a thyroid may become under active in a child is because their own immune system attacks the gland as if it is an intruder in the body. When this happens, the thyroid gland loses its ability to make the needed amount of thyroid hormones to maintain normal growth and development.

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism include:

  • Dry skin
  • Sluggishness
  • Pale skin color
  • Sensitivity to coldness
  • Hoarse cry
  • Constipation
  • Slow growth
  • Development of a goiter (swelling of the gland)
  • Symptoms of Hypothyroidism in infants:
  • Puffy face
  • Swollen tongue
  • Cold hands, arms, feet and legs
  • Floppy muscles or no strength
  • Poor feeding
  • Herniated belly button
  • Lethargic
  • Persistent constipation and bloating
  • Prolonged jaundice
  • Little to no growth

It is very important that infants be tested within the first few days of being natural. If left untreated hypothyroidism can create a serious threat to both physical and mental improvement in an infant.

Treatment of Hypothyroidism:

Children with under active thyroid glands are treated with a thyroid hormone replacement supplement. This supplement will possible have to be taken for the rest of their life.

Hyperthyroidism in children

The thyroid gland can also become over active in children. Making a analysis of hyperthyroidism in a child is more difficult, because some of the symptoms may be easily taken as being something else.

These symptoms include:

  • Hyperactivity
  • Mood swings
  • Shaky hands
  • Weakness in arms and legs
  • Nervousness
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Insomnia
  • Development of a goiter (swelling of the gland)
  • Treatment of Hyperthyroidism.

Treatment of children with over active thyroid glands can be ready with anti-thyroid drugs. These meds work by making it difficult for the body to use iodine to make thyroid hormones. The main disadvantages of using an anti-thyroid drug are the expanded need for treatment and the return factor. Some patients do not respond to the anti-thyroid drugs and have to have surgical treatment to remove the defective thyroid gland.

Diagnosing Thyroid Problems in Children

A blood test called Thyroid Function test is used to identify a thyroid trouble. These series of test check the levels of TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) in the blood. From these set of test it can be determined if a child has a hypothyroidism trouble or a hyperthyroidism trouble.

Natural Ways to Lose Weight

Fibrous and Citrus Fruits:

Most unwanted weight is acquired through the burning up of extra calories. At the same time nutrition is compromised. Balance it out by eating plenty of fibrous fruits like apples, pears and peaches. They directly make you feel full and provide plenty of vitamins and minerals necessary for a healthy body. Citrus fruits won’t control your hunger but are high in Vitamin C and remain the best option if you want to avoid sugary caffeine drinks. They directly make you feel fresh and boost your energy levels.

Honey:

While you’re sipping green tea to step up weight loss, do not forget to add a teaspoonful of honey to it instead of refined sugar. Honey is also better than sugary or other chemical substitutes for table sugar.

Natural Ways to Lose Weight:

Choose vegetables like tomatoes, zucchini and other gourds that come with high water content. These veggies are a proven natural method for stimulating weight loss. Never overcook but let them remain a bit green. Add to these leaves like spinach and cabbage and you have got yourself the best diet food in the world.

Water:

Drinking plenty of water not only gets the toxins out of your system but leads to rapid weight loss. However, be careful to minimize your salt intake as high sodium levels in your body result in water release.

Chewing:

Chewing is one of the best way to lose weight naturally as when you fake mastication your gastric juices start pumping and your metabolic rate increases. The extra calories will burn faster and you will lose weight. The down side is that you may feel hungrier. You can cure it by consuming vegetables and fruits. When you’re chewing do not choose for sugary chewing gums. Avoid even the artificially sweetened ones. Cardamoms, cloves or mint leaves are safer and natural choices.

Protein:

Up your protein intake as you lower your carbs burning up. Go for beans, lean white meat and lentils with minimum rice and chapatis. Protein will help you build a stronger body without the unnecessary fat.

Exercise:

Without exercise the protein you eat will be stored as fat so it’s necessary that you move your body in a regulated way. You don’t need a fancy gym membership with heavy duty machines to help you. Try perfectly natural ways to exercise like sprinting and running. You can also use your body weight against itself to work out. For instance push ups and sit ups are two such methods. Women should not feel hesitant to do that either because weight free exercises are for everyone.

Weight Gain

1. Select dairy food, eggs, fish and meat over bread and vegetables. Eat foods with high protein content such as beans, pulses and peas, and foods with high starch contented such as rice and tapioca, potatoes.

2. Eat Snack often. Eat a lot of high-calorie snacks such as cheese sticks, muffins, dried fruits, milk shakes, yoghurt and breakfast bars. Also, eat larger portions and eat at least five meals a day.

3. Drink a lot of fluids that supply nutrients and calories like milk, fresh fruit juices and energy drinks.

4. You need to exercise really hard and powerfully to gain muscle mass. Focus on free weight exercises that target your large muscle groups. If you have a high metabolic rate – which means you apply a lot of energy even at relax and you need short powerful workouts in its place of long periods of low-stress activity.

5. Be steady. It may take a long time, generally a few months, for the weight to actually show. Some women get upset and quit when they fail to see extreme results. But no weight gain program will work for you if you are not standard!

6. Having larger portions makes you feel full early. In order to eat more, you would do well to eat your food in smaller sizes so that you may eat more. Furthermore, it is recommended that you take 2 to 3 servings in each of your meals. In this way, you can add more calories little by little

A diet for quick weight loss

Most of the people find it difficult to reduce their weight and are becoming more level to Blood Pressure, cardiovascular diseases and diabetes and the core reason behind this is Obesity.

In this fast moving life we do not get much time to spare for physical exercise so in such a situation a healthy and nutritious diet can solve the purpose.

Early Morning:

Start your day with lemon juice and honey in lukewarm water; this helps your body to get free of harmful acids produced by the body.

Breakfast:

Choose any one or two from the following options

  • Egg white omelet (2) + 2 slices of brown bread,
  • Milk (Skimmed Milk) +Cornflakes/ Oats /Wheat bran
  • Fruit salad / Sprouts.
  • Vegetable Poha / Upma
  • Skimmed milk cottage cheese + Brown Bread

Pre Lunch:

Take black coffee before the afternoon meal this helps in boosting metabolism.

Lunch:

  • Boiled / Roasted Chicken/ Soyabean (200 grams) +Brown Rice (1/2 plate) / Chapatti (1)
  • Boiled Dal +salad + Brown Rice (1/2 plate) / Chapatti (1-2)
  • Take Probiotic curd (100grams) as it helps in digestion.
  • Vegetable Daliya

Evening:

  • Take some citrus fruits to satisfy the hunger pangs in the evening,
  • Green tea with two Marie Lite biscuit
  • Boiled Channa

Dinner:

  • Choose any one or two from the following options
  • Boiled Soybean Nutrela/ soup + salad,
  • Boiled Egg White (3) + Vegetable clear soup
  • Chicken or Tuna salad.
  • Boiled Dal
  • Vegetable Daliya


Pre Bed –time:

150-200 ml of skimmed milk.

Beside the above diet keep in mind the following points:

  • Avoid heavy dinner; maintain at least 3 to 4 hours of gap between meal and sleep.
  • Replace cold drinks with coconut water, vegetable soup or butter milk
  • Drink at least 2 to 3 liters of water everyday
  • Fibre is excellent for weight loss, so consume more of raw vegetables and fruits
  • All carbs are not bad; avoid simple carbs like sugar, sweet and processed food.
  • Never skip meals.
  • Avoid Bakery products.
  • Replace Chicken Tikka with Chicken Salami
  • Avoid taking water along with the meal.

Follow the above mentioned points for 6 days in a week and once in a week please your taste buds with one meal of your choice but don’t forget only one. Try to take out some time for physical exercises at least thrice a week

follow the above mentioned rules and fit in your old clothes again but don’t forget the results may vary from person to person and don’t try to bully your body.

Breathe deep to free from Headaches

RELAXATION workouts can help to reduce complications, backaches and sleeplessness.

One of the easiest pleasure exercises is deep breathing, which will launch hormones (the human body’s very own painkillers) into our body.

Begin by respiration through your nostrils; breathe in for five matters, quietly saying the phrase “in” (concentrate on respiration deeply); complete your reduced stomach with air; depend to five, and then breathe out gradually, quietly saying the phrase “out” as you let the air evade through your mouth; do it again this work out for about two minutes; progressively you will be able to develop up to ten matters or higher; improve your pleasure by visualizing a peaceful landscape or by respiration in clean air or enjoyable odors. Best ways to drive out Headaches

Complications can be caused by a number of different reasons, and diet is only one area that could play a role. The most typical causes of headaches are stress with associated muscle stress, or testosterone or drugs or health conditions like hypertension or bloating.

Ensure that you drink 6 to 8 associated with water daily, and restrict booze to a maximum or avoid completely. Increase drinking habits if you are having liquor.

Keep your system carbs continuous by eating regular meals, ideally with treats in between, and restrict consumption of very sweet meals (e.g. glucose, jam, cool beverages, candies, etc.) as these cause a fast rise and resulting fall in glucose stages.

Eat great fiber meals to help keep glucose stages continuous. Certain meals can induce headaches. Dietary activates are meals which are commonly found to induce headaches or headaches in certain individuals.

However certain meals will affect different people in a different way and you will need to recognize which particular meals induce your headaches. The most typical induce meals are:

  • Red wine, champagne and beer
  • Caffeinated beverages especially coffee, smart drinks, tea
  • Coke
  • Cheese
  • Chocolate and chocolate drinks
  • Peanuts and peanut butter Meals containing Monosodium Glutamate (MSG) like bundle or prepared broth, cereal, instant vegetables and China foods. Meals high in other preservatives can also induce complications. Avoid prepared foods and learn to read brands on foods.
  • Salted and treated animal meat, dry animal meat, pickled sardines and chicken livers may also be a problem.
  • Certain legumes (broad lima, soy products, lentils) and lemon or lime fruits; avocados, raspberries and apples.

In order to recognize induce foods, speak to a nutritionist about keeping a food record and doing exemption assessments.

 

Sleep disorder doubles cancer threat

Sleep apnoea, related with snoring and dangerous pauses in inhalation, could almost double the risk of fatal cancer threat as those who sleep deeply, says a study.

The largest study of its kind found that fatalities with the highest oxygen deficiency in apnoea were at the highest risk. The sleep disorder is already related to fatness, heart disease, diabetes, day-time weakness and high blood pressure.

Sufferers are advised action because maintaining oxygen levels at night may cut the risk of developing related illnesses. At least half a million Britons are affected, typically middle-aged, overweight men, who may stop inhalation hundreds of times a night.

The condition causes the muscles in the airway to crumple during sleep, cutting off breathing for 10 seconds or more before brain signals force the muscles to work once more, the Daily Mail reported.

Proper sleep can sharpen your memory

External spur during sleep can help reinforce memory, which, in turn, can help you learn, a new study reports.

Researchers from Northwestern University noted that such stimulation could emphasize what people have already learnt, but doesn’t help them gain new skills.

“The critical difference is that our study shows that memory is strengthened for something you’ve already learned,” the study’s co-author, Paul Reber, associate professor of psychology at Northwestern, said in a university news release. “Rather than learning something new in your sleep, we’re talking about enhancing an obtainable memory by reactivating information recently acquired.”

In conducting the study, researchers trained participants how to play two musical tunes by pressing certain keys at certain times. After they learned how to play the unnaturally generated tunes, the participants took a 90-minute nap. While they slept, only one of the songs was played. The soft musical cues, the researchers noted, were played during slow-wave sleep, a period of sleep that is linked to storing memories.

As the participants napped, the researchers recorded their electrical brain activity using electroencephalography. After they woke up, the participants made smaller amount mistakes when playing the tune that was played while they were sleeping than the one that was not played.

“Our results extend prior research by viewing that external stimulation during sleep can influence a complex skill,” the study’s elder author, Ken Paller, professor of psychology in the Weinberg College of Arts and Sciences at Northwestern, said in the news release.

“We also found that electrophysiological signals during sleep connected with the extent to which memory improved,” additional lead author James Antony, of the Interdepartmental Neuroscience Program at Northwestern. “These signals may thus be measuring the brain events that produce memory development during sleep.”

The researchers said they are investigating how their result could possibly be applied to other types of learning, such as studying a foreign language. They noted their study could also lead to more studies on sleep-based memory-processing involving other types of skills, practice and behaviors.

Scientists make use of cloning to Make Human Stem Cells

U.S. scientists for the first time have used a cloning technique to get tailor-made embryonic stem cells to produce in unfertilized human egg cells, a landmark decision and a potential new flashpoint for opponents of stem cell research.

The researchers were trying to confirm whether it is possible to use a cloning technology called somatic cell nuclear transfer, or SCNT, to compose embryonic stem cells that equal a patient’s DNA.

The achievement, published on Wednesday in the journal Nature, is significant because such patient-specific cells potentially can be transplanted to replace smashed cells in people with diabetes and other diseases without denunciation by the immune system.

This technique could ignite new controversy because some opponents consider it to be cloning, which they severely oppose.

“This paper will be seen as significant both by those who are demanding to use SCNT to produce human patient-specific embryonic stem cell lines and by those who oppose human ‘cloning’ experiments,” said Professor Robin Lovell-Badge, a division head at Britain’s National Institute for Medical Research.

Stem cells are the body’s master cells, the supply material for all other cells. Proponents of embryonic stem cells say they could transform medicine, providing treatments for blindness, juvenile diabetes or harsh injuries.

Normally, SCNT involves removing genetic material from the nucleus of the host egg cell and replacing it with the nucleus from adult cells, the system used to clone animals such as Dolly the sheep in 1996. But scientists so far have failed to get these cells to grow and divide beyond a very premature stage in humans and non-human primates.

Scientists in this cram, led by Dieter Egli and Scott Noggle at The New York Stem Cell Foundation Laboratory in New York, kept the genetic material from the host egg and minimally added the nucleus from the mature cells.