Long Beach. NY 11561
(516) 431-0403

Welcome to Emedinfo.com!

This is a complete online resource for people that suffering from or looking for information on Mesothelioma and other types of cancer



Home >> Thyroid >> Thyroid for Children

Thyroid for Children

Thyroid Glands:

A thyroid gland is a butterfly shaped gland placed in the center of the lower neck below the voice box and just above the collar bone. The thyroid gland produces thyroid hormones that are released into the bloodstream and are essential for life. These hormones change both growth and development in children. Although thyroid troubles in children are rare, about one in every 1000 are born with an irregular thyroid gland. 

Types of Thyroid Problems in children

The thyroid gland can develop into under-active, this is called hypothyroidism or over active this is called hyperthyroidism. 

Hypothyroidism in children

The reason a thyroid may become under active in a child is because their own immune system attacks the gland as if it is an intruder in the body. When this happens, the thyroid gland loses its ability to make the needed amount of thyroid hormones to maintain normal growth and development.

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism include:

  • Dry skin
  • Sluggishness
  • Pale skin color
  • Sensitivity to coldness
  • Hoarse cry
  • Constipation
  • Slow growth
  • Development of a goiter (swelling of the gland)
  • Symptoms of Hypothyroidism in infants:
  • Puffy face
  • Swollen tongue
  • Cold hands, arms, feet and legs
  • Floppy muscles or no strength
  • Poor feeding
  • Herniated belly button
  • Lethargic
  • Persistent constipation and bloating
  • Prolonged jaundice
  • Little to no growth
  • It is very important that infants be tested within the first few days of being natural. If left untreated hypothyroidism can create a serious threat to both physical and mental improvement in an infant.

    Treatment of Hypothyroidism:

    Children with under active thyroid glands are treated with a thyroid hormone replacement supplement. This supplement will possible have to be taken for the rest of their life. 

    Hyperthyroidism in children

    The thyroid gland can also become over active in children. Making a analysis of hyperthyroidism in a child is more difficult, because some of the symptoms may be easily taken as being something else.

    These symptoms include:

  • Hyperactivity
  • Mood swings
  • Shaky hands
  • Weakness in arms and legs
  • Nervousness
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Insomnia
  • Development of a goiter (swelling of the gland)
  • Treatment of Hyperthyroidism.
  • Treatment of children with over active thyroid glands can be ready with anti-thyroid drugs. These meds work by making it difficult for the body to use iodine to make thyroid hormones. The main disadvantages of using an anti-thyroid drug are the expanded need for treatment and the return factor. Some patients do not respond to the anti-thyroid drugs and have to have surgical treatment to remove the defective thyroid gland. 

    Diagnosing Thyroid Problems in Children

    A blood test called Thyroid Function test is used to identify a thyroid trouble. These series of test check the levels of TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) in the blood. From these set of test it can be determined if a child has a hypothyroidism trouble or a hyperthyroidism trouble.





    Home | Medical Procedures | Types of Cancer | World Hospitals | Pathology of SLE | First Aid Tips | Health | Site Map | Medical Equipments | Cancer Articles | Drugs List | BMI Calculator | BMI Article | Symptoms & Signs | Medicinal News Sitemap | Health And Wellness | Weight Loss

    Copyright 2003 - 2009. All Rights Reserved.